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tricks_tips [2017/03/05 22:50]
pavroo created
tricks_tips [2018/03/12 00:29]
pavroo
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    The compressed filesystem is larger than the iso9660 specification allows for a single file. You must try to reduce the amount of data you are backing up and try again.    The compressed filesystem is larger than the iso9660 specification allows for a single file. You must try to reduce the amount of data you are backing up and try again.
  
-you have to remove some stuff from the system and try again.+you have to remove/uninstall some stuff from the system and try again.
  
 ==== Tip 2 ==== ==== Tip 2 ====
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 The tool builds BIOS compatible iso system as default. If you would like to build the iso image which will be BIOS and UEFI compatible, you have to: The tool builds BIOS compatible iso system as default. If you would like to build the iso image which will be BIOS and UEFI compatible, you have to:
  
-a. Create 'offline' folder in the system's /home directory:+a. Create 'offline' folder in the home directory:
    sudo mkdir -p /home/offline    sudo mkdir -p /home/offline
  
-b. Change the folder owner to you (an option, can be managed as root):+b. Change the folder owner to you (as option, can be managed as root):
    sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /home/offline     sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /home/offline 
  
 (change $USER to your user name) (change $USER to your user name)
  
-c. Download deb packages from Debian 'testing' repository:+c. Download deb packages from Debian repository (testing versions if you build Sparky based on Debian 'testing'; or stable versions if you build Sparky based on Debian 'stable'):
  
 64bit (amd64): efibootmgr, grub-efi, grub-efi-amd64, grub-efi-amd64-bin, libefiboot1, libefivar1 64bit (amd64): efibootmgr, grub-efi, grub-efi-amd64, grub-efi-amd64-bin, libefiboot1, libefivar1
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 32bit (i386): efibootmgr, grub-efi, grub-efi-ia32, grub-efi-ia32-bin, libefiboot1, libefivar1 32bit (i386): efibootmgr, grub-efi, grub-efi-ia32, grub-efi-ia32-bin, libefiboot1, libefivar1
  
-and place them in the /home/offline folder.+and place them inside the /home/offline folder.
  
-Make sure that the placed debs are in the same versions as available by APT before building the new iso.+Make sure that the placed debs are in the same versions as installed in your system before building the new iso.
  
 ==== Tip 3 ==== ==== Tip 3 ====
  
-Do not place much stuff in the /etc/skel directory. It breaks the live system and it won't start.+Do not place much stuff in the /etc/skel directory. It breaks the live system user configuration and it will not boot properly. 
 + 
 +The best way is to move only your desktop config files (if any) to the skel
  
 ==== Tip 4 ==== ==== Tip 4 ====
  
-If your machine is a few (or more) years old, and can't handle with strong 'xz' compresssion, change it to 'gz'. It works faster, but creates 20-30 % bigger iso image than using 'xz'.+If your machine is a few (or more) years old, and can't handle with strong 'xz' compression, change it to 'gz'. It works faster, but creates 20-30 % bigger iso image than using 'xz'.
  
 To change compression type, edit the configuration file (by any text editor): To change compression type, edit the configuration file (by any text editor):
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    SQUASHFSOPTS="-no-recovery -always-use-fragments -b 1M"    SQUASHFSOPTS="-no-recovery -always-use-fragments -b 1M"
  
-=== Tip 5 ===+==== Tip 5 ====
  
-Used personal stuff for customization (wallpaers, themes, etc.) have to be placed in system directories, but **NOT** in your /home - it will be not copied to the new iso directory.+Used personal stuff for customization (wallpapers, themes, icons, etc.) have to be placed in system directories, but **NOT** in your /home - it will be not copied to the new iso directory.
  
 Put your stuff in dirs, such as: Put your stuff in dirs, such as:
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 /usr/share/themes/ /usr/share/themes/
  
 +==== Tip 6 ====
 +
 +Clean the APT cache before creating new iso image, to reduce the iso size:
 +
 +   sudo apt-get autoremove
 +   sudo apt-get clean
 +
 +or 
 +   sudo spb cache
  
tricks_tips.txt · Last modified: 2021/05/04 15:24 (external edit)