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partitioning [2015/06/05 21:59]
pavroo created
partitioning [2021/05/04 15:24] (current)
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 Depends on your present disk partitions structure, you need to create 2 (4 max) separated partition for Sparky installation: Depends on your present disk partitions structure, you need to create 2 (4 max) separated partition for Sparky installation:
    * "/" - root partition - for the system files; ext4 file system and 10 GB of free space recommended (GameOver needs 20 GB)    * "/" - root partition - for the system files; ext4 file system and 10 GB of free space recommended (GameOver needs 20 GB)
-   * SWAP partition - your RAM memory is 1GB, create SWAP partition 1 GB (minimum) or bigger. If your RAM memory is smaller than 1 GB, create SWAP partition 2 times bigger that RAM +   * SWAP partition - if your RAM memory is 1GB, create SWAP partition 1 GB (minimum) or bigger. If your RAM memory is smaller than 1 GB, create SWAP partition 2 times bigger that RAM 
-   the 3th partition is "/home" for your private files and your account settings - it's recommended but don't create if you don't have much space left on your hard drive; ext4 file system and as much free space as you can create (5-10 GB minimum)+   * "/home" for your private files and your account settings - it's recommended but don't create if you don't have much space left on your hard drive; ext4 file system and as much free space as you can create (5-10 GB minimum)
    * EFI partition with "/boot/efi" mount point has to created or used on machines with UEFI motherboard; 100-300 MB of space; "vfat/fat32" file system    * EFI partition with "/boot/efi" mount point has to created or used on machines with UEFI motherboard; 100-300 MB of space; "vfat/fat32" file system
  
 If you do not have separated partitions ready for the new Sparky installation, you can: If you do not have separated partitions ready for the new Sparky installation, you can:
-  * create them during the installation process - both installers (Sparky Installer and SparkyLinux (Old) Installer) use GParted, which is preinstalled with all the Sparky iso images+  * create them during the installation process - both installers (Sparky Installer and Sparky Advanced Installer) use GParted, which is preinstalled with all the Sparky iso images
   * or you can create the partitions using any Linux distribution working in Live mode with preinstalled GParted application, for example.   * or you can create the partitions using any Linux distribution working in Live mode with preinstalled GParted application, for example.
 +
 +The instructions placed below are examples only and can be different on your machine. Hard drive re-partitioning is always risky, so backup your files to a safe place (an external drive). 
  
 ---- ----
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 ==== BIOS machines ==== ==== BIOS machines ====
  
 +In a case of only one partition exists on your hard drive (most machines is sell with preinstalled MS Windows and one partition only), which you **DO NOT** want to erase. You have to shrink the partition to get some free space back.
  
 +Use the "Resize/Move" option to shrink it.
  
 +{{:gparted2.png?400|}}
 +
 +   * **Free space following** - type a number (in MB) of the new space which will be located after the first partition (with existing OS)
 +   * **New size** - make sure you have enough space left for your existing OS
 +
 +**Make sure it is only an example!**
 +
 +{{:gparted3.png?400|}}
 +
 +Click "Apply" the wait until finish. Now you can create partitions for Sparky as I mentioned before (root, swap, home).
 +
 +{{:gparted5.png?400|}}
 +
 +----
 +
 +==== UEFI machines ====
 +
 +Machines with UEFI motherboard (and MS Windows => 8 preinstalled) used to have the EFI partition ready on the hard drive. If so and if you **WANT** to keep the existing OS, **DO NOT** format the partition, and **DO NOT** make any changes on the partition. Simply use it.
 +
 +Rest of the partitions should be done the same as the previous example.
 +
 +----
 +==== Virtual machines ====
 +
 +Installing Sparky on a virtual machine (with a virtual hard drive not configured yet), you can let the installer do that for you, even it's BIOS or UEFI simulation.
 +
 +{{:installer6-efi.png?400|}}
 +
 +----
 +
 +If you are still not sure about partitioning, post your question at our forums.
 +
 +----
  
-==== UEFI machines ====     +<WRAP center box 100%> 
 +|[[create_live_usb|<--- Create Live USB disk]]  |  [[start|^ Wiki Start Page ^]]  |  [[boot_old|How to boot Sparky on very old machines --->]]| 
 +</WRAP>
partitioning.1433534382.txt.gz · Last modified: 2021/05/04 15:25 (external edit)